A literary device used in rhetoric and in poetry to designate the inversion of an order of words, phrases, or rhyming which follow subsequently in the material. It can be represented by the Greek letter Χ (khi, chi) or the symbols a, b, c; c, b, a. In the OT it is found in the psalms. In the NT chiasmus is used by Paul; for example Rom. 10:9 f., 1 Cor. 7:3, and in 1 Cor. 15:12 ff. And when the gospels are seen as sophisticated literary constructions, chiasmus has been detected in the order of narratives, as when the temptations of Jesus in Luke 4:3, 7, 9 seem to be taken up and somehow answered by the miracles in Luke 4:29–30; 4:35, 36; and 5:6. Those of Luke's readers who have eyes to see thus perceive that Jesus is the Son of God. It is suggested that the structure of Matt. has a chiasmic form: the Sermon on the Mount at the beginning is answered by the final discourse (24–5); 10 is related to 18; and 13 is in the middle.

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  • Chiasmus — Chi*as mus (k[ i]*[a^]z m[u^]s), n. [NL., fr. Gr. chiasmo s a placing crosswise, fr. chia zein. See {Chiasm}.] (Rhet.) An inversion of the order of words or phrases, when repeated or subsequently referred to in a sentence; thus, [1913 Webster] If …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chiasmus — (griech.), die kreuzweise Stellung nach der Form des griechischen Buchstaben x (X); in der Grammatik der Wechsel in der Stellung des Subjekts und Prädikats, des Genitivs und seines regierenden Kasus etc., so daß im ersten Satz jenes, im andern… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chiasmus — (grch.), chiastische Stellung (nach der Form des griech. Buchstabens Chi [χ], kreuzweise Stellung zweier Paare von Satzgliedern, z. B.: »Er war der Guten Hort, der Schrecken aller Bösen« …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chiasmus — Chiasmus, in der Grammatik die verschobene Stellung des Subjects und Prädicats oder des Genitivs und seines regierenden Casus; ein Zeichen bei zweifelhaften Stellen eines Autors. Von dem griech. Buchstaben Χ benannt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • chiasmus — inversion of word order, 1871, Mod.L., from Gk. khiasmos a placing crosswise, diagonal arrangement, related to khiasma two things placed crosswise, from khiazein to mark with an X , to write the letter X , from CHI (Cf. chi) …   Etymology dictionary

  • chiasmus — [kī az′məs] n. pl. chiasmi [kī az′mī΄] [ModL < Gr chiasmos: see CHIASMA] Rhetoric inversion of the second of two parallel phrases, clauses, etc. (Ex.: she went to Paris; to New York went he) chiastic [kīas′tik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Chiasmus — In rhetoric, chiasmus (from the Greek: χιάζω, chiázō, to shape like the letter Χ ) is the figure of speech in which two or more clauses are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point; that is, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Chiasmus — Der Chiasmus (latinisiert von gr. χιασμός chiasmós „Überkreuzen“; von χίασμα chíasma „Kreuzung“ nach dem griechischen Buchstaben Χ, Chi; in der neugriechischen Terminologie το χιαστό) ist eine rhetorische Figur, bei der Satzglieder und Teilsätze… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • chiasmus — UK [kaɪˈæzməs] / US noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms chiasmus : singular chiasmus plural chiasmi linguistics a statement in which you repeat a phrase in a sentence but with the words in the opposite order. For example some people eat to… …   English dictionary

  • Chiasmus — Chi|as|mus der; <über nlat. chiasmus aus gr. chiasmós »das Überkreuzstellen«; vgl. ↑Chiasma> kreuzweise syntaktische Stellung von aufeinander bezogenen Wörtern od. Redeteilen (z. B. groß war der Einsatz, der Gewinn war klein; Rhet.;… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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